ADHD & OT

Occupational therapists are able to provide therapy programmes that will address the sensory processing difficulties and help the child to attend and learn by adapting the environment and activities.

ARFID

Avoidant restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) is diagnosed when people avoid certain foods or types of food and consequently their food and nutritional intake is significantly reduced.

ASD

ASD stands for Autistic Spectrum Disorder/ Autism. This is a lifelong developmental disability that affects how people perceive the world and interact with others autistic people may see Autistic people may see, hear.

Attachment & Connection Games

It is important that all of the activities are played with happiness and laughter. This is the key to a positive connection.

Attachment and Connection Games explained

Eye contact, smiles, and laughs are also helpful to promote a healthy relationship and repair or enhance attachment.

Bilateral Integration

Bilateral integration is a developmental skill that begins to occur within the first year of a baby’s life. It begins by bringing both hands together at midline.

Brainstem Calmers

One of the most helpful ways to move children from high anxiety states, to their calmer ‘thinking brain’, is repetitive rhythmic activity. Creating a therapeutic.

Calm Toolkit

A sensory kit is a bag, box or container that holds a variety of sensory tools that can be used to calm a child’s nervous system. The items need to be portable and accessible.

Children With Unclear Speech

Can the child show you another way - act it out, use a mime? Use gestures yourself when you talk together, so the child sees them in action.

Comic Strip Conversations

‘Comic Strip Conversations’ were first devised by Carol Gray, who worked with autistic children. Hand-drawn sketches of stick people are used.

Developmental Co-ordination Disorder

Developmental Co-ordination Disorder (DCD), also known as Dyspraxia in the UK, is a common disorder affecting fine or gross motor co-ordination.

Developing Early Communication Skills

Bilateral integration is a developmental skill that begins to occur within the first year of a baby’s life. It begins by bringing both hands together at midline.

Dysgraphia

Dysgraphia is a term that refers to trouble with writing. Many experts view dysgraphia as challenges with a set of skills known as transcription.

Engaging with pre-verbal Children

Find out how the child prefers to communicate and use this with them - do they use gestures, signs, words or a system (such as pictures, a flip book or a device?).

FASD

Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder is a neurodevelopmental condition with lifelong cognitive, emotional and behavioural challenges. This condition is linked to alcohol consumption during pregnancy.

Handwriting

Handwriting is a skill we use every day. It allows us to express ourselves, display our learning, and communicate<br /> with others. At school, where most work is written by hand, it is vital.

Heavy Work In Secondary School

Helping to move/arrange desks, Organising equipment cupboards, Helping to mop, sweep or clean after lunch.

Heavy work

The proprioceptive system is activated any time the joints are actively compressed together or stretched apart. This provides heavy muscle work which has a calming, organizing, and regulating effect on the body.

Heavywork ideas

Carrying heavy books, Hanging / monkey bars, Drink through resistive straw, Roll over gym ball onto hands, Weighted backpack.

Interoception

Interoception is a sense that provides information about the internal condition of our body—how our body is feeling on the inside.

Low Arousal Approaches for PDA

In order to manage challenging behaviour, we must be aware of the causes of that behaviour, and how our own actions and attitudes can affect the people we support.

Masking

Masking involves trying to hide your true self so others will accept you. It’s also referred to as camouflaging. This means that children with any difficulties act in ways that other people will think are appropriate and to try and be accepted socially.

Shoulder stability ideas

Lay on tummy and push gym ball back and fourth, Lay over gym ball and lean through arms whilst completing an activity, Throw and catch a large gym ball.

Movement breaks

Have a walk whilst Carrying something, Rocking chair, Roll over gym ball onto hands, Have a walk & wear a weighted backpack.

Postural Control ideas

Lay on tummy and lift arms and legs off floor, Hanging / monkey bars, Drink through resistive straw, Roll over gym ball onto hands, Weighted backpack.

Anxiety

Support your child to notice and label their early warning signs of anxiety (fast heart rate, tummy ache, sweaty palms etc) Work with your child to create a ‘worry plan’. If they can tell you what their specific worry is.

Regulation choices

Carrying heavy books or backpack, Rocking chair or swing, Lycra Body sock or sausage roll squash, Roll over gym ball<br /> onto hands.

sensory circuits ideas

Bounce on trampette, Bounce bottom on ball, Self spinning, Throw the beanbag into hoop, Balance along the bench, Stepping along the ladder.

Sensory Circuits

Lay on tummy and push gym ball back and fourth, Lay over gym ball and lean through arms whilst completing an activity, Throw and catch a large gym ball.

Sensory Friendly classroom

Make the room organised, free from clutter and reduce the number of colours & displays Be aware of background noises, sudden loud noise and noise levels in the classroom.

Sensory light room

A sensory room is a quiet space dedicated to stimulating, developing and relaxing the senses. Unlike a school classroom, where children.

Sensory Processing Intro

‘Sensory integration’ is the term used for the brain processing information that comes though the senses. It is crucial for a child’s development and education.

SP and Trauma

When children experience early loss, separation, abuse or neglect their brain development is affected in significant ways. They often experience what is known as Developmental Trauma.

Executive Functioning

Executive functioning is a term that refers to the cognitive functions that allow us to decide what activities we will pay attention to and which ones we'll chose to do (Hart and Jacobs, 1993).

Selective Mutism

‘Selective Mutism’ is an anxiety-based disorder. The child can speak freely in some situations (such as at home), but may not speak at all in other situations (such as at school, or with people outside the immediate family). It usually starts between ages 2 -4 years.

Validating Children’s Emotions

Validating our child’s emotions means that we...Notice and observe the emotion without judgement. Listen to our child Acknowledge what they say. Accept their emotions, whatever they are.

Three Rs

Little/no talking, Safe space, Key adult present, Sensory strategies, Connect and interact- share space, play, Calm, sensitive talk.

Brain Breaks

Little/no talking, Safe space, Key adult present, Sensory strategies, Connect and interact- share space, play, Calm, sensitive talk.